Small Angle Neutron Scattering Diffractometer

SANS diffractometer “Yellow Submarine” at the Budapest Neutron Centre

The SANS diffractometer Yellow Submarine covers a Q-range of 0.003 to 0.7 Å-1 allowing to probe structures at length scales from 5 Å to 1500 Å. It has a wide range of applications from studies of defects and precipitates in materials, alloy segregation, surfactant and colloid solutions, ferromagnetics, magnetic correlations, polymers, proteins and biological membranes alike. The instrument is installed on the curved neutron guide No.10/2, with a 40×40 mm2 cross-section, made of (m=1.5) supermirrors. The beam is monochromatized by a multidisc type velocity selector, (L. Rosta: Physica B 174 (1991) 562) the rotation speed can be tuned between 700 and 7000 rot/min (wavelengths between 3 and 12 Å). The width Δλ/λ of the transmitted wavelength distribution can be varied between 12% and 30% by changing the tilt angle between the selector axis and the direction of the neutron beam. The collimation distance is 5 m.

Contact: Laszlo Almasy

Technical specifications

Beam Tube: Cold neutron guide No. 10/2/1
Monochromator: Multidisk velocity selector
Detector: 2D position sensitive, 64×64 cm2, filled with BF3 gas
Colimations: 5 m
Flux at the Guide Exit: 5 x 107 n/cm2/sec
Sample-to-Detector distance: Continuously adjustable between 1 m and 5.5 m
Incident wavelength: 3-12 A
Wavelength spread: Adjustable between 12% – 30%

Sample environment

In most experiments an automatic sample changer is used with 6 sample positions. Sample temperatures can be controlled from an external bath between 10°C and 90°C. For ambient temperature SANS a 11-position sample changer can be used. A liquid nitrogen cryostat, and a closed cycle refrigerator is available for 10K-300K experiemnts. An electromagnet of up to a magnetic field 1.6T at a pole distance of 25mm can also be mounted on the sample table, with a vertical automatic sample changer with 9 sample positions.


The scattered neutrons are detected by a 64 x 64 pixels (1cm x 1cm pixel size) two-dimensional position sensitive LETI (Grenoble, France) detector filled with BF3 gas.

Detailed information can be found on the instrument’s webpage.